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London - Deserts offer some of the best landscapes on Earth for adventure. Whether you’re trekking on foot, hitching a ride on a camel or driving through on a 4x4, the rugged beauty of the desert rarely fails to impress.

Add in the opportunity to experience inspiring desert cultures and stargaze beneath some of the clearest skies on the planet and all that sand in your shoes starts to seem worth it. Here are some of the best new trips for the year ahead.

On foot

Trekking in Egypt’s White Desert presents the opportunity to witness what look like snow drifts among sand dunes.

Thousands of years of intense weathering have chiselled giant surrealist rock sculptures from an otherwise barren sea of sand. Take in this otherworldly region on foot, sleeping under the stars and visiting sites of ancient archeology, local villages and lush green oases along the way. Original Travel (originaltravel.co.uk) has a seven-day Walking in the White Desert trip for £1 000 (R13 760) per person, which includes accommodation, transport, guides and all meals, but not flights. Recommended departures are between October and February.

Dune bashing

Drive your own 4x4 – complete with rooftop camping – across the Kalahari Desert in Botswana. Travel at your own pace from Livingstone, on the banks of the Zambezi River in Zambia, through the salty desert pans of the Makgadikgadi, and into the Central Kalahari Game Reserve.

It’s a spectacular desert filled with wildlife and strong local cultures, where you can mix camping with stays in luxurious lodges. Safari Drive (safaridrive.com) offers a 16-day trip in Botswana from £2 718pp, including camping equipment, as well as accommodation in campsites and luxury lodges. Flights extra.

Hot to trot

Follow in the tradition of Chile’s proud huasos (cowboys) on a horseback trail from Calama, in the centre of the Atacama Desert, to the oasis town of San Pedro de Atacama. Gallop along an ancient Inca trail, visit traditional settlements and farms, and sleep beneath one of the clearest night skies on Earth, marvelling at the constellations above you.

Unicorn Trails (unicorntrails.com) offers a 13-day Atacama Desert Trail group trip from £1 939 per person. The price includes accommodation, transport, guides, horses and all meals, but not flights. Departs October 5 and November 16.

Desert Express

Take a train across the Moroccan Sahara, travelling about 300km between Oujda and Bouarfa on the Oriental Desert Express, stopping off at nomadic camps and isolated desert villages along the way.

Along the route there’s also the opportunity to explore small oasis towns in this remote desert region and take in the Unesco-protected imperial city of Fez and the Mediterranean port city of Nador. Adventure Worldwide (adventureworldwide.co.uk) offers an eight-day trip on the Oriental Desert Express for £1 285 per person. The price includes accommodation, transport, guides and most meals. Flights not included. Departs April 21 and September 15.

Clear skies

Desert skies are almost always clear and have very low levels of light pollution, making them ideal territory for stargazing. Spend two days camel trekking across the Moroccan Sahara in the company of a professional astronomer, who can identify constellations.

Explorers Astronomy Tours (astronomytours.co.uk) offers the eight-day trip there from £999 per person, including flights, accommodation and most meals. Departs May 4.

For wow factor, time your trip with a celestial event. The Perseids meteor shower is one of the best annual displays of shooting stars and there’s the potential to witness them from the Wadi Rum desert in Jordan.

On The Go Tours (onthegotours.com) has an eight-day trip to coincide with the event, from £779pp including accommodation and most meals. Flights not included. Departs 10 August.

For an indulgent desert experience look no further than the Alto Atacama Desert Lodge and Spa (altoatacama. com): a luxury hotel in the heart of the Atacama desert with its own observation deck, telescope and nightly astronomy sessions. Doubles start at £750, all inclusive. The Atacama Desert in northern Chile is regarded as one of the driest places on the planet, bordered by the Andes that prevent clouds from passing over it. It’s therefore also one of the best places on the planet for stargazing, with two major international observatories.

Careful conservation

Although some of the most hostile terrains on the planet, deserts also support impressive ecosystems. From a field camp in the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve, there’s the opportunity to assist a team of scientists, studying the behaviour of the Arabian oryx and other threatened animals.

Learn how to set a camera trap, track a herd of oryx and drive over undulating sand dunes. Biosphere Expedi-tions (biosphere-exped itions.org) offers the six-day Ways of the Desert trip; the contribution of £980 includes transport, accommo-dation, training and meals but not flights. Departs January 20.

Get the hump

The Gobi, a cold desert, was home to significant cities on the Silk Road. Travel like a local through a remote region of the Mongolian portion of the desert on a 200km camel-back trek, from the eastern end of the Gurvansaikhan mountain range to Khongoriin Els at the edge of the Gobi Altai mountains. Accommodation is in traditional gers (yurts).

Off The Map Tours (mongolia.co.uk) has a 12-day group camel trek in the Gobi Desert which costs from £2 045pp, including accommodation, transport, guides, all meals and local flights. International flights not included. Departs August 27. – The Independent

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